Popham, F., & Whitley, E. (2019). Re. Sensitivity analyses without assumptions. Epidemiology, 30(5).
Whitley, E., Craig, P., & Popham, F. (2019). Impact of the statutory concessionary travel scheme on bus travel among older people: a natural experiment from England. Ageing and Society.
McCartney, G., Popham, F., McMaster, R., & Cumbers, A. (2019). Defining health and health inequalities. Public Health, 172, 22–30.
Seaman, R., Riffe, T., Leyland, A. H., Popham, F., & Raalte, A. van. (2019). The increasing lifespan variation gradient by area-level deprivation: a decomposition analysis of Scotland 1981-2011. Social Science and Medicine, 230, 147–157.
McCartney, G., Hearty, W., Arnott, J., Popham, F., Cumbers, A., & McMaster, R. (2019). Impact of political economy on population health: a systematic review of reviews. American Journal of Public Health, 109(6), e1–e12.
Popham, F. (2019). Controlled mediation as a generalisation of interventional mediation. Epidemiology, 30(3), e21–e22.
McCartney, G., Bartley, M., Dundas, R., Katikireddi, S. V., Mitchell, R., Popham, F., … Wami, W. (2019). Theorising social class and its application to the study of health inequalities. SSM - Population Health, 7.
Popham, F., & Leyland, A. H. (2018). Assessing confounder balance in outcome regressions. Epidemiology, 29(5), e47–e48.
Bouttell, J., Craig, P., Lewsey, J., Robinson, M., & Popham, F. (2018). Synthetic control methodology as a tool for evaluating population-level health interventions. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 72(8), 673–678.
Whitley, E., Benzeval, M., & Popham, F. (2018). Population priorities for successful aging: a randomized vignette experiment. Journal of Gerontology: Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.
Craig, P., Gibson, M., Campbell, M., Popham, F., & Katikireddi, S. V. (2018). Making the most of natural experiments: What can studies of the withdrawal of public health interventions offer? Preventive Medicine, 108, 17–22.
Keyes, K. M., Rutherford, C., Popham, F., Martins, S. S., & Gray, L. (2018). How healthy are survey respondents compared with the general population? Using survey-linked death records to compare mortality outcomes. Epidemiology, 29(2), 299–307.
Whitley, E., Benzeval, M., & Popham, F. (2018). Associations of successful aging with socioeconomic position across the life-course: The West of Scotland Twenty-07 Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of Aging and Health, 30(1), 52–74.
Green, M. J., Stritzel, H., Smith, C., Popham, F., & Crosnoe, R. (2018). Timing of poverty in childhood and adolescent health: Evidence from the US and UK. Social Science and Medicine, 197, 136–143.
Whitley, E., & Popham, F. (2017). Leaving the labour market later in life. How does it impact on mechanisms for health? Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 74(12), 877–886.
Bouttell, J., Popham, F., Lewsey, J., Robinson, M., & Craig, P. (2017). Synthetic Control Methodology as a Tool for Evaluating Public Health Interventions: A Guide to the Method and Case Study. In Lancet Public Health Science Conference. Retrieved from
McCartney, G., Popham, F., Katikireddi, S. V., Walsh, D., & Schofield, L. (2017). How do trends in mortality inequalities by deprivation and education in Scotland and England & Wales compare? A repeat cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 7(7).
Green, M. J., & Popham, F. (2017). Life course models: improving interpretation by consideration of total effects. International Journal of Epidemiology, 46(3), 1057–1062.
Minton, J., Shaw, R., Green, M. A., Vanderbloemen, L., Popham, F., & McCartney, G. (2017). Visualising and quantifying “excess deaths” in Scotland compared with the rest of the UK and the rest of Western Europe. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 71(5), 461–467.
Craig, P., Katikireddi, S. V., Leyland, A., & Popham, F. (2017). Natural experiments: An overview of methods, approaches, and contributions to public health intervention research. Annual Review of Public Health, 38, 39–56.
Green, M. J., Espie, C. A., Popham, F., Robertson, T., & Benzeval, M. (2017). Insomnia symptoms as a cause of type 2 diabetes incidence: a 20 year cohort study. BMC Psychiatry, 17.
Seaman, R., Leyland, A. H., & Popham, F. (2016). Increasing inequality in age of death at shared levels of life expectancy: A comparative study of Scotland and England and Wales. SSM - Population Health, 2, 724–731.
Craig, P., Dundas, R., Leyland, A., & Popham, F. (2016). How successful was the English teenage pregnancy strategy? Response to Wellings K, Palmer MJ, Gear RS et al. Changes in conceptions in women younger than 18 years and the circumstances of young mothers in England in 2000-12: an observational study. Lancet, 388(10060), 2604.
Katikireddi, S. V., Niedzwiedz, C. L., & Popham, F. (2016). Employment status and income as potential mediators of educational inequalities in population mental health. European Journal of Public Health, 26(5), 814–816.
Curnock, E., Leyland, A. H., & Popham, F. (2016). The impact on health of employment and welfare transitions for those receiving out-of-work disability benefits in the UK. Social Science and Medicine, 162, 1–10.
Seaman, R., Popham, F., & Leyland, A. (2016). How have trends in lifespan variation changed since 1950? A comparative study of 17 Western European countries. European Journal of Public Health, 26(2), 360–362.
Popham, F. (2016). Converting between marginal effect measures from binomial models. International Journal of Epidemiology, 45(2), 590–591.
Whitley, E., Popham, F., & Benzeval, M. (2016). Comparison of the Rowe-Kahn model of successful aging with self-rated health and life satisfaction: the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Prospective Cohort Study. Gerontologist, 56(6), 1082–1092.
Seaman, R., Mitchell, R., Dundas, R., Leyland, A. H., & Popham, F. (2015). How much of the difference in life expectancy between Scottish cities does deprivation explain? BMC Public Health, 15.
Robertson, T., Benzeval, M., Whitley, E., & Popham, F. (2015). The role of material, psychosocial and behavioral factors in mediating the association between socioeconomic position and allostatic load (measured by cardiovascular, metabolic and inflammatory markers). Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 45, 41–49.
Popham, F. (2015). Deprivation is a relative concept? Absolutely! Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 69(3), 199–200.
Clemens, T., Popham, F., & Boyle, P. (2015). What is the effect of unemployment on all-cause mortality? A cohort study using propensity score matching. European Journal of Public Health, 25(1), 115–121.
Popham, F., Williamson, L., & Whitley, E. (2015). Is changing status through housing tenure associated with changes in mental health? Results from the British Household Panel Survey. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 69(1), 6–11.
Popham, F. (2015). Re: Lies, damned lies, and health inequality measurements: understanding the value judgments. Epidemiology, 27(3), e15–e16.
Gaye, A., Marcon, Y., Isaeva, J., LaFlamme, P., Turner, A., Jones, E. M., … Burton, P. R. (2014). DataSHIELD: taking the analysis to the data, not the data to the analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, 43(6), 1929–1944.
Shaw, R. J., Benzeval, M., & Popham, F. (2014). To what extent do financial strain and labour force status explain social class inequalities in self-rated health? Analysis of 20 countries in the European Social Survey. PLoS ONE, 9(10), e110362.
Hannah, M.-K., M, B., & Popham, F. (2014). Social patterning of physical activity over the lifecourse: evidence from three age cohorts in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. European Journal of Public Health, 24(S2).
Sweeting, H., Bhaskar, A., Benzeval, M., Popham, F., & Hunt, K. (2014). Changing gender roles and attitudes and their implications for well-being around the new millennium. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 49(5), 791–809.
Whitley, E., Batty, D., Hunt, K., Popham, F., & Benzeval, M. (2014). The role of health behaviours across the life-course in the socioeconomic patterning of all-cause mortality: the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Prospective Cohort Study. Annals of Behavioural Medicine, 47(2), 148–157.
Shaw, R. J., Green, M., Popham, F., & Benzeval, M. (2014). Differences in adiposity trajectories by birth cohort and childhood social class: evidence from cohorts born in the 1930s, 1950s and 1970s in the west of Scotland. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 68(6), 550–556.
Robertson, T., Popham, F., & Benzeval, M. (2014). Socioeconomic position across the lifecourse & allostatic load: data from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 cohort study. BMC Public Health, 14(184).
Campbell, M., Egan, M., Lorenc, T., Bond, L., Popham, F., Fenton, C., & Benzeval, M. (2014). Considering methodological options for reviews of theory: illustrated by a review of theories linking income and health. Systematic Reviews, 3.
Benzeval, M., Bond, L., Campbell, M., Egan, M., Lorenc, T., Petticrew, M., & Popham, F. (2014). How does money influence health? (Project Report). York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Retrieved from
Popham, F., Skivington, K., & Benzeval, M. (2013). Why do those out of work because of sickness or disability have a high mortality risk? Evidence from a Scottish cohort. European Journal of Public Health, 23(4), 629–635.
Popham, F., Dibben, C., & Bambra, C. (2013). Are health inequalities really not the smallest in the Nordic welfare states? A comparison of mortality inequality in 37 countries. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(5), 412–418.
Dibben, C., & Popham, F. (2013). Are health inequalities evident at all ages? An ecological study of English mortality records. European Journal of Public Health, 23(1), 39–45.
Shaw, R., Green, M., Popham, F., & Benzeval, M. (2013). How do Adiposity Trajectories Bary by Birth Cohort and Parental Social Class? Evidence From the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. In Society for Social Medicine 57th Annual Scientific Meeting (p. A30).
Katikireddi, S. V., Niedzwiedz, C. L., & Popham, F. (2012). Trends in population mental health before and after the 2008 recession: a repeat cross-sectional analysis of the 1991-2010 health surveys of England. British Medical Journal, 2(5), e00179.
Popham, F., Gray, L., & Bambra, C. (2012). Employment status and the prevalence of poor self-rated health. Findings from UK individual-level repeated cross-sectional data from 1978 to 2004. BMJ Open, 2(6), e001342–e001342.
Norman, P., Boyle, P., Exeter, D., Feng, Z., & Popham, F. (2011). Rising premature mortality in the UK?s persistently deprived areas: Only a Scottish phenomenon? Social Science and Medicine, 73(11), 1575–1584.